The history of the three-spoke German star, a synonym of elegance, luxury and the highest quality products in the automotive industry, was born over 100 years ago. As in the past, also today Mercedes-Benz is considered to be one of the most expensive premium brands. Has the history really changed the cars with the star?
Karl Benz and Gottlieb Daimler
The creators of the brand – Benz and Daimler – worked on the model of the vehicle independently of each other. In December 1883, in Mannheim, Benz founded the firm Benz & Co. Whereas, in November 1890, in Cannstatt, Daimler-Motoren-Gesellschaft (DMG), owned by Gottlieb Daimler, was founded. In 1885, Benz built the engine, which was used as a drive of a tricycle. The test drive ended with a fiasco – the prototype crashed into the wall. It was Wilhelm Maybach who helped Gottlieb Daimler with his project. They wanted to improve the engine created earlier by August Otto. In 1883 they patented the high speed internal combustion engine, and two years later this engine served as a drive for a bicycle.
On January 29th 1886, Carl Benz filed a patent application in Berlin for a three-wheeled motor car. At the same time, Gottlieb Daimler built the first four-wheeled automobile. The founding fathers of today’s Daimler and its most important and successful brand in the world – Mercedes-Benz, created independently a timeless model for all current passenger cars and commercial vehicles.
First Mercedes vehicles
The first vehicle called Mercedes appeared in 1901. A year later Sphinx model made its debut. The first model of Mercedes was called 35 PS. It had a four-cylinder engine with a capacity of nearly 6 litres and an output of 35 hp. It can be characterized by a wide wheelbase, low centre of gravity and the bent steering column. One of its features was also a “honeycomb” type of a cooler, which has later become a hallmark of the brand. Then, in order to extend the offer, Simplex models were introduced. This vehicle weighed 900 kg and developed a maximum speed of 80 km / h.
Another renown model was a 18/80PS variant of Nurburg 460 from 1928, which two years later was given by Daimler-Benz to Pope Pius XI as a gift.
Mercedes-Benz quickly rose up after World War II. In 1947 the 170 model was released for sale. A car completely different from its predecessors was a Mercedes 300. This limousine was built on the frame made of crossed transverse beams. The car was equipped with a three-litre, six-cylinder engine with 115 hp. Konrad Adenauer drove a special version of this car. After the production of the 300 has ended, a Mercedes 219 appeared. The manufacturer has lowered the quality of its implementation and reduced the price to compete with Opel.
On June 15th, 1951, it was decided to return to the race tracks, which in the fifties, has already produced two world titles in Formula 1. Less than three years later the 300 SL, with its characteristic “winged” doors, appeared on the market. In March 1957, the world saw the 300 SL Roadster. It was driven by Elvis Presley and many other celebrities.
Mercedes cars are also very often used in action films, mainly due to the high quality and luxury with which they are associated. One of the most famous production with the participation of the brand is the James Bond series.
Mercedes-Benz notes more and better sales results from year to year. This German brand is not slowing down. According to the forecasts, by the year 2020 the automotive market has will be richer in more than 30 new models and eleven of them has no counterpart in the current offer.
What sparked the biggest hype around the brand in recent times? Of course, long-awaited premiere of AMG GT, which is the second model developed independently by AMG, made from scratch. Many people compare this car to the SLS, although they are completely two different cars. AMG GT is not the successor of the modern “gullwing”. The new model from Affalterbach is much shorter (by 92 mm), lighter (weighs 1540 kg), the door is not “winged”, it did not inherit a normally aspirated 6.2 V8 engine.
Mercedes-Benz presented this year another new instalment of its most luxurious limousines. The world premiere took place in parallel in the showrooms in Los Angeles and Guangzhou, which are two key markets for the new model. Thus, the world saw the Mercedes-Maybach S-Class, which is also called colloquially “Maybach”.
This car was designed to satisfy even the most sophisticated customers’ requirements. The standard S-Class distinguishes it among other cars by elements such as additional space, special seats and a very luxuriously finished cabin. Mercedes-Maybach is not a line of equipment – it is a “sub-brand”, which in the future will provide a new Mercedes in a very exclusive form.